停滯性通膨(stagflation)

閱報秘書》停滯性通膨

停滯性通膨(stagflation),是指經濟成長停滯與通貨膨脹並存的現象。

stag·fla·tion [stag fláysh’n]
noun
period of inflation and little growth: a period of rising prices and unemployment but little growth in consumer demand and business activity

[Mid-20th century. Blend of stagnation and inflation .]
stag·fla·tion·ar·y, adjective

MicrosoftR EncartaR Reference Library 2005. c 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.


stag·na·tion [stag náysh’n]

noun
condition of inactivity: a condition of no movement, activity, development, or progress, or the process of becoming like this

MicrosoftR EncartaR Reference Library 2005. c 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

stagnate KK: [ ]
v.i.
1. to cease to flow or run; be motionless
不流動;停滯
The air will stagnate if we don’t get some ventilation.
如果不通風,空氣就會不流通。
2. to be or become inactive or dull
不活動;沈滯
His mind stagnated from years of solitude.
他的心靈由於多年的孤寂而呆滯了。

stagnate Click to hear this word spoken
stag·nate [stág nàyt]

(past stag·nat·ed, past participle stag·nat·ed, present participle stag·nat·ing, 3rd person present singular stag·nates)

intransitive verb
1. stop flowing: to stop flowing or moving
2. become foul: to become stale or impure through not flowing or moving
3. not develop or make progress: to fail to develop, progress, or make necessary changes
4. become inactive: to become listless and inactive

[Mid-17th century. From Latin stagnat- , the past participle stem of stagnare , from stagnum “pool, swamp.”]

MicrosoftR EncartaR Reference Library 2005. c 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.


此時,國家經濟成長緩慢、物價持續攀升,引發廠商獲利率降低、民間消費支出縮減、失業率攀升等負面現象。

「停滯性通膨」一詞起源於第一次石油危機,當時以阿戰爭石油禁運,導致為期兩年之久的通貨膨脹,同時也造成一九七四年到一九七五年兩年的全球經濟大衰退。

以台灣為例,一九七四年消費者物價(CPI)年增率高達百分之四十七,經濟成長率(GDP)降至百分之一點一,是典型的停滯性通膨。

【2008/07/07 聯合報

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